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If you’re unsure about what to discuss, consider talking about the weather! To facilitate conversations about climate and weather in English, let’s explore some straightforward and memorable words. This way, you’ll stay informed and be able to engage in discussions about weather phenomena in English. With this weather vocabulary, you can step outside, observe your surroundings, and confidently express what you see and discuss it.

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Climate vs. Weather

To begin, let’s grasp the distinctions between two fundamental words.

Climate – the overall weather conditions in a particular area or over an extended period.

Weather – the atmospheric conditions at a specific place and time, encompassing factors like temperature, humidity, sunlight, wind, and precipitation.

English Vocabulary About Climate & Weather

  • Snowfall
  •         Mudslide
  •         Avalanche
  •         Volcanic eruption
  •         Typhoon
  •         Monsoon
  •         Tornado
  •         Hurricane
  •         Cyclone
  •         Heat wavy
  •         Flood
  •         Drought
  •         Famine
  •         Earthquake
  •         Tsunami
  •         Blizzard
  •         Squall
  •         Storm (variations include ice storm, snowstorm, rainstorm, windstorm, sandstorm)
  •         Hail
  •         Drizzle (small raindrops)
  •         Sleet
  •         Frost
  •         Overcast
  •         Smog (air pollution)
  •         Snow/snowflakes

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English Terms Used by Meteorologists

  •         Wind velocity and direction
  •         Solar radiation
  •         Cloudiness
  •         Storm possibility
  •         Tropical storm
  •         Temperature
  •         Humidity
  •         Rainfall
  •         Thunderstorm
  •         Fog/Mist (foggy, misty)
  •         Atmospheric pressure
  •         Water vapor
  •         Wind chill
  •         Air pressure

That’s it! Enhance your vocabulary by acquiring new English words, and practice using them in conversations with others.

What is your English level?

Find out your A1 A2 B1 B2 C1 C2 level of English with our quick, free online test.