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Possessing a rich vocabulary goes beyond merely comprehending numerous words and phrases; it involves seamlessly integrating them into everyday communication. This distinction between passive and active vocabulary underscores the importance of using words effortlessly.

Everyday language often becomes saturated with commonplace and cliché expressions that tend to go unnoticed. Eliminating these ‘mundane’ terms can inject emotion and intrigue into your speech, enhancing its appeal.

For writers, a robust English vocabulary serves as a tool to craft a distinctive style and establish the desired tone in their work. A simple statement like ‘the weather was bad’ lacks excitement; incorporating descriptive words adds nuance and effortlessly creates the intended mood.

 

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What is a synonym?

A synonym is a word that shares a similar meaning with another word, whereas an antonym has the opposite meaning. The English language abounds with synonyms, but learning them can be challenging due to the need to consider the context of their usage in a sentence. Some words are interchangeable as synonyms, while others are context-specific. Having a thesaurus is valuable in identifying synonyms for common words and enhancing your vocabulary.

For instance, the verbs “start” and “begin” are generally interchangeable, whereas “beautiful” and “handsome” convey a similar overall meaning but are employed in different contexts based on the subject’s gender and the writer’s desired emotional tone.

To effectively memorize new synonyms, categorize them and add them to your vocabulary notebook. This article offers a word list featuring synonyms for common English adjectives, complete with definitions from reputable dictionaries such as the Cambridge Dictionary, Oxford Dictionaries, Merriam-Webster Dictionary, and The Free Dictionary.

You can expand these synonym lists at your own pace and use them as a handy reference when faced with challenges in writing or expressing ideas.

Synonyms for common adjectives

Synonyms for “happy” adjectives

  • On cloud nine – experiencing euphoric happiness due to a highly positive event.
  • Be in 7th heaven – being extremely happy or ecstatic.
  • Be walking/floating on air – in a state of extreme happiness.
  • Cheerful – exhibiting happiness and a positive demeanor. This term is also employed to characterize something or a location that is bright and enjoyable.
  • Delighted – experiencing great pleasure; expressing or feeling immense joy.
  • Thrilled – suddenly filled with extreme happiness or excitement about something.
  • Elated – being in a state of high spirits, excitement, or pride, often due to the occurrence of a significant event or achievement.
  • Pleased synonym – experiencing or displaying pleasure and satisfaction, particularly in response to an event or situation. Using “I’m pleased to meet you” serves as a polite greeting when meeting someone for the first time.
  • Ecstatic – overwhelmed with happiness or excitement, conveying intense joy or exuberant excitement.
  • Contented – experiencing or demonstrating satisfaction with one’s possessions, status, or circumstances.
  • Amused – finding amusement or entertainment in something.

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Synonyms for “good” adjectives

  • Excellent – of extremely high quality or merit.
  • Amazing – exceptionally good, impressive, and surprisingly outstanding.
  • Sensational – thrilling and extraordinary, unexpectedly excellent or impressive.
  • Awesome – highly impressive, eliciting feelings of great admiration or respect.
  • Marvellous – exceptionally good, extraordinary, instigating a sense of wonder, of the highest kind or quality.
  • Terrific – very good or enjoyable.
  • Splendid – highly impressive, excellent, or beautiful.
  • Outstanding – exceptionally good, significantly surpassing the usual standard.
  • Exceptional synonym – unusually good, surpassing the average, significantly greater than usual, especially in skills, intelligence, quality, etc.

Synonyms for “sad” adjectives

  • Gloomy – displaying or characterized by a lack of hope; not anticipating or believing in anything positive in a given situation.
  • Despondent – in a state of low spirits resulting from a loss of hope or courage, often due to a belief that the situation is unlikely to improve.
  • Distressed – upset or worried, suffering from pain or anxiety.
  • Miserable – (describing a person) experiencing significant unhappiness, discomfort, or unpleasantness; causing a considerable amount of unhappiness or discomfort.
  • Frustrated – experiencing annoyance, disappointment, or discouragement, especially due to the inability to achieve desired goals; (used before a noun) having an ambition that remains unrealized.
  • Distraught – extremely upset, anxious, or nervous.
  • Devastated synonym – emotionally shattered, profoundly shocked, and upset.
  • Depressed – (describing a person) lacking in spirits, feeling unhappy and devoid of hope, experiencing the effects of clinical depression.
  • Sorrowful – intensely sad, filled with sorrow, heartbroken, and displaying feelings or expressions of grief.

Synonyms for “bad” adjectives

  • Mean – unkind or unpleasant; (especially describing a place) lacking in quality and appearance.
  • Dreadful – extremely bad, leading to significant suffering or fear; (describing a person) unwell or troubled.
  • Awful – very negative, unpleasant, or of inferior quality.
  • Poor – characterized by a very low quality or standard.
  • Unpleasant – lacking attractiveness, enjoyment, or agreeableness; causing discomfort; (describing a person or their manner) unfriendly and rude.
  • Nasty – displaying meanness, unpleasantness, mischief, or offensiveness; (describing the weather) unpleasantly cold or wet.
  • Wicked – morally wrong and bad; alternatively, slightly bad but in an attractive way.

 

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Substituting common adjectives with their synonyms is an effective strategy to enhance your English vocabulary and overall language proficiency. Record these words in your vocabulary notebook and make it a routine to review them daily.

For instance, you can select a set of words or expressions each morning and make an effort to incorporate them into your conversations throughout the day. You’ll be pleasantly amazed at how rapidly your language skills become more robust and engaging. Actively seek out new synonyms and embrace the opportunity to practice without hesitation!

What is your English level?

Find out your A1 A2 B1 B2 C1 C2 level of English with our quick, free online test.