Improve your math-related English with these essential terms for better exam performance and class communication.

For those gearing up for a math exam in English, it’s crucial to understand the mathematical terminology in the language. This article provides a compilation of  essential English mathematical terms necessary for your upcoming test.

What is your English level?

Find out your A1 A2 B1 B2 C1 C2 level of English with our quick, free online test.

Master essential English math terms

Arithmetic, a fundamental segment of mathematics, centers on the four primary operations: addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division. This subject is pivotal for early math proficiency and establishing a robust groundwork for advanced mathematical principles.

Here are some essential terms related to arithmetic:

Factor: A number that, when multiplied by another number, produces a product.
Dividend: The number undergoing division.
Divisor: The number dividing the dividend.

Sum: The outcome of combining two or more numbers.
Difference: The outcome of subtracting one number from another.
Product: The result of multiplying two or more numbers.
Quotient: The result of dividing one number by another.

Geometry: Lines, angles, and shapes

Geometry is a branch of mathematics concentrated on examining lines, angles, and shapes. It plays a fundamental role in fostering comprehension of spatial relationships, measurement, and visualization, with practical applications in fields like art, architecture, and engineering. Below are crucial terms associated with geometry:


Perimeter: The distance around a shape.
Area: The space enclosed within a shape.

Angle: The space between two intersecting lines or planes.
Triangle: A three-sided shape with three angles.
Quadrilateral: A four-sided shape with four angles.
Circle: A shape with all points equidistant from a central point.


Are you C1 Advanced English?

Get your C1 Advanced English certificate now!

Add your certificate to your resume

⭐ ⭐ ⭐ ⭐ ⭐

Calculus: Derivatives, integrals, and limits

Calculus is a branch of mathematics that ventures beyond algebra, focusing on advanced concepts such as derivatives, integrals, and limits. Here are key terms associated with calculus:

Derivative: The rate at which a function is changing at a specific point.
Integral: The area beneath a curve.
Limit: The value that a function approaches as the input nears a specific value.

Simple math functions

Understanding simple math functions is crucial in mathematics. Here are some of the most common math functions and their meanings:

  • Addition: This function is used to add two or more numbers together. 
  • Multiplication: This function is used to multiply two or more numbers together. 
  • Division: This function is used to divide one number by another. 
  • Subtraction: This function is used to subtract one number from another. 

Algebra: Equations, expressions, and functions

Algebra extends beyond basic arithmetic and encompasses the study of equations, expressions, and functions. A solid grasp of key algebraic terms is vital for success in mathematics and science.

Equation: A mathematical statement indicating the equality of two expressions.
Expression: A combination of numbers and variables operated on with mathematical operations.
Variable: A symbol or letter representing a variable value.
Coefficient: The number multiplied by a variable.
Function: A mathematical rule assigning a unique output to each input.

What is your English level?

Find out your A1 A2 B1 B2 C1 C2 level of English with our quick, free online test.