Enhance your English vocabulary by familiarizing yourself with the names of various textiles. Explore this extensive guide on fabric terminology in English to elevate your language proficiency.

If you have a passion for fashion, textiles, or a desire to enhance your English vocabulary, beginning with the names of various fabrics in English is a great idea. This article will delve into both common and uncommon fabric names in English, providing insights on using them in conversations and offering tips for efficiently expanding your vocabulary.


What is your English level?

Find out your A1 A2 B1 B2 C1 C2 level of English with our quick, free online test.

Common fabrics and their names in English

In the realm of textiles, certain names stand out immediately owing to their widespread usage and popularity. In this segment, we will examine the names and characteristics of commonly used fabrics in English, such as cotton, silk, wool, polyester, and denim. Grasping the properties of these fabrics is crucial for individuals interested in fashion, textiles, or even everyday clothing shopping.

Denim – A resilient cotton fabric featuring a distinctive blue hue and diagonal weave, commonly utilized in jeans and informal wear.
Rayon –
A supple, breathable fabric composed of cellulose fibers, often found in summer clothing and home decor.
Nylon –
A synthetic fabric recognized for its lightweight nature, durability, and quick-drying properties, commonly used in activewear and outdoor gear.
Spandex –
A synthetic fabric with remarkable stretch and recovery capabilities, often found in athletic wear and form-fitting clothing.

Cotton – A pliable, breathable textile crafted from the fibers of the cotton plant, frequently employed in casual clothing and bedding.
Silk – A sleek, luminous fabric derived from the fibers of the silkworm cocoon, commonly utilized in formal attire and opulent textiles.
Wool – A snug, robust fabric derived from the fleece of sheep or other animals, frequently employed in winter clothing and blankets.
Polyester – A synthetic fabric known for its durability, wrinkle resistance, and easy maintenance, often used in casual clothing and home decor.
Linen – A lightweight, breathable textile made from the flax plant, frequently used in summer clothing and household textiles.
Leather – A tough, flexible material crafted from animal hide, commonly featured in jackets, shoes, and accessories.

Are you C1 Advanced English?

Get your C1 Advanced English certificate now!

Add your certificate to your resume

⭐ ⭐ ⭐ ⭐ ⭐

Uncommon fabrics and their names in English

While commonly known fabrics like cotton, silk, and wool enjoy widespread recognition, there exists a variety of lesser-known textiles with distinctive properties and uses. In this segment, we will explore the names and attributes of less familiar fabrics in English, encompassing chiffon, brocade, taffeta, flannel, and tweed.

Velvet – A soft, plush fabric with a dense pile, commonly employed in formal wear and home decor.
Satin – A smooth, glossy fabric with a lustrous sheen, often used in formal dresses and lingerie.

Cashmere – An opulent, soft fabric crafted from the fleece of cashmere goats, frequently found in high-end clothing and accessories.

Chambray – A lightweight, denim-like fabric with a simple weave, frequently used in shirts and dresses.
Brocade – A substantial, embellished fabric featuring raised patterns, often used in upholstery and formal wear.
Taffeta – A crisp, smooth fabric producing a rustling sound, typically used in formal dresses and decorative linings.
Corduroy – A sturdy fabric featuring raised ridges, commonly utilized in pants and jackets.
Lace – A delicate, decorative fabric characterized by an open weave and intricate patterns, commonly used in formal wear and home decor.
Fleece – A gentle, warm fabric composed of synthetic fibers, typically used in jackets and blankets.
Suede – A soft, napped leather fabric with a velvety texture, commonly employed in jackets and shoes.
Georgette – A sheer, lightweight fabric with a crinkled texture, commonly found in formal dresses and blouses.
Canvas – A robust, heavy fabric often utilized in tents, shoes, and artist’s canvases.
Flannel – A soft, warm fabric with a napped surface, commonly used in winter clothing and bedding.
Tweed – A thick, woolen fabric featuring a rough surface and muted colors, often used in outerwear and suits.
Organza – A sheer, rigid fabric with a crisp texture, commonly used in formal dresses and home decor.

Tips for learning fabric names in English

Mastering the names of fabrics in English may seem challenging, particularly if English is not your native language. Nonetheless, by dedicating time and adopting the correct approach, you can achieve substantial progress in a relatively brief period.

Here are some useful suggestions to assist you in acquiring knowledge of fabric names in English:

  • Begin with the fundamentals: Start by familiarizing yourself with the most common fabric names in English, such as cotton, silk, wool, and polyester. Once you feel comfortable with these foundational fabric names, you can progress to more intricate and less familiar ones.
  • Utilize visual aids: Seek out pictures and videos online that showcase various types of fabrics. This visual exposure can help you connect the fabric’s name with its appearance and texture, facilitating easier retention.
  • Engage with flashcards: Develop your own flashcards featuring the names of different fabrics on one side and their descriptions on the other. Regular self-quizzing can reinforce your understanding.
  • Immerse yourself in fashion content: Explore fashion blogs and magazines as valuable resources for acquiring knowledge about fabric names in English. Focus on articles that detail various clothing materials, paying attention to the vocabulary used.
  • Watch fashion-oriented content: View TV shows or movies related to fashion, such as Project Runway or The Devil Wears Prada. Take note of the clothing descriptions and the fabrics utilized to enhance your understanding.


By adhering to these guidelines, you can achieve success in your endeavor to familiarize yourself with the names of fabrics in English. Consistently practice, perhaps with the guidance of an online tutor, maintain patience, and soon enough, you’ll master the subject!

What is your English level?

Find out your A1 A2 B1 B2 C1 C2 level of English with our quick, free online test.